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The Protection of National Heritage

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04 place du château




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Makthar the ancient Mactaris is located 160 km southwest of Tunis to over 900m above sea level.
The installation of human life in the region of Mactaris is very old, the first evidence dates back probably to the eighth millennium as suggested by the many discoveries snail. But the creation of the city itself dates back only as the fifth century BC
The evidence from this period are the existence south of the site of a series of megalithic monuments.
In the third century BC, the city that was part of the Numidian kingdom collaboration under the leadership of King Masinissa (202-148 BC) with the Punic Carthage-This alliance will enable a large change in the city in all areas: economic, social, artistic, religious.

The Roman, Makthar is an example of resistance to Romanization unlike most parts of the country. She will even self-unlike most of the country. She will even self-government in 46 and became the early second century, the chief town of a district comprising more than 60 cities. It is probably from this period that Makthar is romanized as suggesting the development of the forum with the great triumphal arch dedicated to Emperor Trajan between AD 116 and 118 will be confirmed with Romanization the accession of the city to the status of colony (between 176 and 180).
This is probably the third century she lives a period of prosperity and many monuments were built: the public baths in the south of the forum, a large house whose floor was completely covered with mosaics ...

Other vestiges of the Roman period are still visible on the site: The choir of JUVENES, the monument to troughs, small baths, funerary monument Benenata, the amphitheater and the triumphal arch marking the entrance to the ancient city.
As for the Christian period, the city had a bishop already in the early third century, and churches were built as shown on the site yet, one with a baptistery.
With the occupation of the country by the Vandals in 439 Mactaris will be part of the royal domain until the Byzantine reconquest in 533. During this period several monuments that were fortified with a Quantya south of the forum, and That a part of the public baths ...
With the Muslim conquest in the mid-seventh century, Mactaris live a period of decline but will be completely abandoned in the eleventh century.

Eglise chrétienne
Last Updated on Friday, 14 June 2013 11:13