The archaeological site of Chimtou, antique Simitthus is located in the north-west, about 80 km south of Tabarka. Still little known to the general public, it is becoming one of the most important cultural tourism in this region. Founded by the Numidians in the late sixth century J .- C. at the latest, the city has grown rapidly as evidenced by the large necropolis discovered in the Roman Forum and the sanctuary which stood at the top of the hill Bourfifa, the first monument that was built with local material which will see a very popular and widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean during the Roman period, namely the yellow marble, the famous marmor numidicum Veterans.


With the Roman conquest, the city became a colony derived as the colonia Iulia Augusta numidica Simitthus, and Numidian marble quarries which were to be in all probability, a property of the Numidian kings, rose in the heritage of the Roman emperors . A long period of intensive then began for them. This period left many archaeological traces and inscriptions that provide valuable information on methods and techniques used for extraction as well as military personnel servile and sentenced to hard labor (Metella Damnation AD) who were in charge of ensure. It spawned the suggestive panorama offered career and now the "sacred hill" with three shrines of Saturn, and the Gods Caelestis Moors, his collection of votive reliefs rock, and construction in the north hills of marble Presidium-ergastulum (military camp-prison), monument to this day without parallel elsewhere in the Roman world.

In south and west of the hills, lie the remains of the city itself. The monumental center of the Roman Forum are kept, the civil basilica, the basis of a monumental nymphaeum, shops, etc.. Nearby lie the remains of a bridge over the Majrada beside which was built at the time a vandal mill hydraulic turbines. The rest of the site has the remains of many other monuments found in a city of Roman theater, amphitheater, market, public baths, water tanks, public cemeteries, etc..

Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 December 2010 15:01